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Marco Polo - Biographie (1254-1324)
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Marco Polo
Venice, XIIIth c.

       et's go a few years before the begining of the trip. In the XIIIth century, after the fourth crusade and fall of Constantinople in 1204 (today Istambul), Venice has aquired new privileges on the bysantum capital. The treaty concluded with the Francs, gave it the three quarters of the city's treasure. It is then a rich and important place for the spices, silk and invaluable stones trade.

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       iccolo Polo et Matteo Polo are then venetian traders with important counters in Constantinople and Crimea. They had one too on Curzola's island (History of the island). They quit Venice in 1253. Marco Polo will be educated by his mother and his grand-father. They go first by boat, using the Adriatic Sea. They go round Greece, and join the Black Sea, crossing Constantinople. In 1260, they arrived in Sudak, a fishing port from Crimea, and meet Marco Polo il vecchio (the Elder) in Soldaia, and the go to Suray on the Volga rivers. They trade there during one year to sell their merchandises, precisely their invaluable stones.


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       nce the trade concluded, at the same time, a civil war started between two local mongolian chiefs Barka, Lord of the Golden Horde and his cousin Hulagu, Kan of the Tatars. The same year, a new war started in Constantinople, becoming then Genovese. In 1261, the two brothers couldn't going back by the same way, they look for a commercial way to the east, passing by the north of the Caspian Sea.


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       hey reach after 17 days thru the desert (unchanged from millions of years, it came from the desert! ) and arrived in Bukara in Persia (today Uzbekistan), one of the most important city of the Silk Road. And trying to escape the war, they stay blocked there three years. Hulagu won the war, his ambasador remarked the Polo brothers.

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